50 questions of human anatomy

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•
One of the complications of dehydration is that the sodium potassium pumps are
unable to function properly.
•
Question 2
2 out of 2 points
In the absence of ADH, the distal tubule and collecting ducts are relatively
impermeable to water.
•
Question 3
2 out of 2 points
The proximal convoluted tubule is the portion of the nephron that attaches to the
collecting duct.
•
Question 4
2 out of 2 points
The position of the kidneys behind the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity is
described by the term retroperitoneal.
•
Question 5
0 out of 2 points
In class, Ryan mentioned that pomegranates may be a leading cause of
hyperkalemia.
•
Question 6
2 out of 2 points
The entire responsibility for urine formation lies with the nephron.
•
Question 7
2 out of 2 points
Aldosterone is a hormone that causes reabsorption of sodium in the nephron.
•
Question 8
0 out of 2 points
Elderly males are around half water.
•
Question 9
2 out of 2 points
Sodium is pivotal to fluid and electrolyte balance and to the homeostasis of all body
systems.
•
Question 10
2 out of 2 points
The single most important blood buffer system is the bicarbonate buffer system.
•
Question 11
2 out of 2 points
The thirst center in the brain is located in the hypothalamus.
•
Question 12
2 out of 2 points
It is impossible to overhydrate because people need as much water as they can
drink to carry out ordinary body functions.
•
Question 13
0 out of 2 points
Regulation of body pH is accomplished entirely through respiratory control.
•
Question 14
2 out of 2 points
The ureters are composed of ________ epithelium.
•
Question 15
2 out of 2 points
The fatty tissue surrounding the kidneys is important because ________.
•
Question 16
2 out of 2 points
The glomerulus differs from other capillaries in the body in that it ________.
•
Question 17
2 out of 2 points
The chief force pushing water and solutes out of the blood across the filtration
membrane is ________.
•
Question 18
2 out of 2 points
Which of the following acts as the trigger for the initiation of micturition (voiding)?
•
Question 19
2 out of 2 points
What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above
normal?
•
Question 20
0 out of 2 points
Which statement is true about urine?
•
Question 21
0 out of 2 points
Parathyroid hormone ________.
•
Question 22
2 out of 2 points
The regulation of sodium ________.
•
Question 23
2 out of 2 points
Which of the following hormones is important in the regulation of sodium ion
concentrations in the extracellular fluid?
•
Question 24
2 out of 2 points
Which of the following hormones is important in stimulating water conservation in
the kidneys?
•
Question 25
2 out of 2 points
Which of the following describes the distribution of sodium and potassium between
cells and body fluids?
•
Question 26
2 out of 2 points
Respiratory acidosis can occur when ________.
•
Question 27
0 out of 2 points
If an infant is uncomfortable and cries forcefully for long periods of time, this would be similar to
hyperventilation. Assuming this, what may the infant be suffering from?
•
Question 28
2 out of 2 points
The factor favoring filtrate formation at the glomerulus is ________.
•
Question 29
2 out of 2 points
The fluid in the glomerular (Bowman’s) capsule is similar to plasma except that it
does not contain a significant amount of ________.
•
Question 30
2 out of 2 points
The juxtaglomerular apparatus is responsible for ________.
•
Question 31
2 out of 2 points
The functional and structural unit of the kidneys is ________.
•
Question 32
2 out of 2 points
Which gland sits atop each kidney?
•
Question 33
0 out of 2 points
An increase in the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubule to water is due to
________.
•
Question 34
2 out of 2 points
The kidneys are stimulated to produce renin ________.
•
Question 35
0 out of 2 points
Estrogen seems to ________.
•
Question 36
0 out of 2 points
Caffeine acts as a diuretic because it ________.
•
Question 37
0 out of 2 points
The function of angiotensin II is to ________.
•
Question 38
0 out of 2 points
Place the following in correct sequence from the formation of a drop of urine to its
elimination from the body.
1. major calyx
2. bladder
3. nephron
4. urethra
5. ureter
6. collecting duct
•
Question 39
2 out of 2 points
Which of the following statements is true concerning the volume of intracellular
fluid?
•
Question 40
0 out of 2 points
The total body water is divided into intracellular and extracellular fluids. Which
component has the least sodium?
•
Question 41
2 out of 2 points
Except for lactose and some glycogen, the carbohydrates we ingest are mainly from
plants.
•
Question 42
2 out of 2 points
High levels of LDLs are considered good.
•
Question 43
2 out of 2 points
Dietary fats are important because ________.
•
Question 44
2 out of 2 points
For use as fuel, glucose is the preferred and most common carbohydrate used by the body.
•
Question 45
0 out of 2 points
Glycolysis results in _____.
•
Question 46
2 out of 2 points
Processes that break down complex molecules into simpler ones are anabolic.
•
Question 47
2 out of 2 points
The primary function of carbohydrates is ________.
•
Question 48
2 out of 2 points
When proteins undergo deamination, the waste substance found in the urine is
mostly________.
•
Question 49
2 out of 2 points
Which of the following does not occur in the mitochondria?
•
Question 50
2 out of 2 points
Which of the following nutrients yield the highest amount of energy per gram when
metabolized?

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