Advocacy Campaign Part 2

Application Assignment 2: Part 2 – Developing an Advocacy CampaignThe following application, Part 2, will be due in Week 7.To prepare:Review Chapter 3 of Milstead, J. A. (2016). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.In the first assignment, you reflected on whether the policy you would like to promote could best be achieved through the development of new legislation, or a change in an existing law or regulation. Refine as necessary using any feedback from your first paper.Contemplate how existing laws or regulations may affect how you proceed in advocating for your proposed policy.Consider how you could influence legislators or other policymakers to enact the policy you propose.Think about the obstacles of the legislative process that may prevent your proposed policy from being implemented as intended.To complete:Part Two will have approximately 3–4 pages of content plus a title page and references. Part Two will address the following:Explain whether your proposed policy could be enacted through a modification of existing law or regulation or the creation of new legislation/regulation.Explain how existing laws or regulations could affect your advocacy efforts. Be sure to cite and reference the laws and regulations using primary sources.Provide an analysis of the methods you could use to influence legislators or other policymakers to support your policy. In particular, explain how you would use the “three legs” of lobbying in your advocacy efforts.Summarize obstacles that could arise in the legislative process and how to overcome these hurdles.Paste the rubric at the end of your paperFOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS LISTED!!! THANKS SEE RUBRIC AND ATTACH TO THE END OF THE PAPER AND FOLLOW IT PLEASE AND MY FIRST CAMPAIGN IS ATTATCHED FOR YOU TO USE. Show DescriptionsQuality of Work Submitted:The extent of which work meets the assigned criteria and work reflects graduate level critical and analytic thinking.–Excellent 27 (27%) – 30 (30%)Good 24 (24%) – 26 (26%)Fair 21 (21%) – 23 (23%)Poor 0 (0%) – 20 (20%)Quality of Work Submitted:The purpose of the paper is clear.–Excellent 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Good 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Fair 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Poor 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas:The extend to which the work reflects the student’s ability to:Understand and interpret the assignment’s key concepts.–Excellent 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)Good 8 (8%) – 8 (8%)Fair 7 (7%) – 7 (7%)Poor 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas:The extend to which the work reflects the student’s ability to:Apply and integrate material in course resources (i.e. video, required readings, and textbook) and credible outside resources.–Excellent 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)Good 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)Fair 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)Poor 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas:The extend to which the work reflects the student’s ability to:Synthesize (combines various components or different ideas into a new whole) material in course resources (i.e. video, required readings, textbook) and outside, credible resources by comparing different points of view and highlighting similarities, differences, and connections.–Excellent 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)Good 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)Fair 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)Poor 0 (0%) – 13 (13%)Written Expression and FormattingParagraph and Sentence Structure: Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are clearly structured and carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance.–Excellent 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Good 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Fair 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Poor 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Written Expression and FormattingEnglish writing standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation–Excellent 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Good 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Fair 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Poor 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Written Expression and FormattingThe paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.–Excellent 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Good 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Fair 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Poor 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
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Running Head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY: ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS
Childhood obesity
Walden University
Courtney Pribonic
12/21/2017
1
CHILDHOOD OBESITY: ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS
2
Introduction
Childhood obesity is one of the Non-communicable diseases that the United Nations
and the World Health Organization decided to prevent and control, using their Global
Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity, and Health. The foundation of the program is to identify a
population at risk and generate preventing plans. (World Health Organization, 2010)
In America, the prevalence of childhood obesity has incremented. The prevalence of
childhood obesity has grown over three times since 1980. Now over 33% of the children
between 2 and 18 years old are overweight or obese. The data indicates that 36% of AfricanAmerican children and 38% of Latino descent children are affected, the same happens with
28% of children aged 2-5 years and 45% of kids from families with socio-economic issues.
But there are other data to take into account: 63% of high school students don´t meet the
physical activity minimum requirements, only 22% eat the suggested quantity of fruit and
vegetables, 14.5% drink the adequate amount of milk and 1/3 watch a minimum of 3 daily
hours of television. Each one of these habits can have a negative influence on the health of
children. (Saxe, 2011)
Facing the numbers, and the concern of the World Health Organization, we need to
generate policies that will help to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity. The importance
of the prevention lies in the comorbidity of childhood obesity. Fighting obesity, we can avoid
the early start of Type 2 Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia, and Coronary
disease among others. Prevention not only generates a general improvement in the wellbeing
of the nation, but it creates enormous savings because it ends with the necessity of funding
the infrastructure to treat all that diseases.
CHILDHOOD OBESITY: ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS
3
Advocacy articles
Among all the items advocating the prevention of childhood obesity, “Promoting
Healthy Lifestyles and Decreasing Childhood Obesity: Increasing Physician Effectiveness
Through Advocacy” by “Jessica Schorr Saxe and Advocating for the Prevention of Childhood
Obesity: A Call to Action for Nursing” by Bobbie Berkowitz and Marleyse Borchard were
selected to analyze the outcomes of the supported policies. The framework created by the
United Nations to implement their Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health
helps to understand the steps needed to apply the different policies and obtain the expected
outcome.
Figure 1 (World Health Organization, 2010)
CHILDHOOD OBESITY: ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS
4
In the hands of the Physicians
Children
with weight
problems live at
constant risk of
complications and
premature death.
Doctors are who
assess children
annually,
evaluating their weight
Figure 2 (“Health Impact Assessments,” n.d.)
status and Body Mass Index, dietary patterns and physical activity and sedentary habits. The
role of the doctor is to determine the health condition of all kids and then provide the proper
estimation, provide therapy, treatment, and guidelines to overweight and obese children.
The situation has changed, children have more sedentary habits than past generations
and technology is not helping. In the same period, while healthy activities that need the
individual´s concern, such as using condoms and restraints in consuming alcohol among
adolescents and the decrease of smoking adults, childhood obesity has increased
significantly. Public education about nutrition and physical activity are not enough. Clinical
interventions, the usual method physicians use in their practice, don´t have the expected
outcomes. In this case, physicians need to engage in community programs and advocacy.
“As physicians, we speak with authority, and our opinions respected in the
community. We can advocate for a variety of points. We can encourage improved nutrition
and physical activity in individual schools and in child care settings, especially those that our
children or patients attend. We can support policies that increase quality physical education
CHILDHOOD OBESITY: ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS
5
and physical activity in schools at a local level through discussions with the school board or
school system staff or by serving on School Health Advisory Councils”(Saxe, 2011)
According to this article, the active engagement of physicians in the advocacy and
support of community efforts to decrease the prevalence of childhood obesity. Although time
is always a barrier to start new activities, the old ones related to community´s development
can be used to increase the health of the population.
Nurses Advocacy
What can nurses do to prevent and decrease the prevalence of childhood obesity is
the central question of the article. Nurses as health care professionals, need to acquire skills
including advocacy, collective guidance, and social media promotion abilities, to contribute
to the prevention of children´s obesity.
There are several factors that contribute to children´s obesity, and among them, race
and ethnicity, parental understanding and dietetic practices, and background effects are the
most important. Nurses can help to change some of the factors, assisting the parents to know
how to engage children in physical activity or changing eating habits, promoting the creation
of safe zones to walk and ride bicycles in parks and other green areas. Hence, helping
families with weight issues to engage in prevention activities, encouraging physical activity,
and helping parents to make healthy dietary choices, and helping children to find the energy
balance.
These activities are directly related to the nurses´ advocacy skills. Family-based
interventions are the most successful, and the nurses´ involvements in family prevention
strategies, early interventions to prevent the onset of non-healthy dietary patterns, and the
engagement of the community support are the key for the achievement of the goal: decrease
the prevalence of children´s obesity.
CHILDHOOD OBESITY: ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS
6
Development of a new plan
This advocacy plan aims to sensitize people to the issue of childhood obesity and
obesity-related illness. It has two goals; the first is related to the dietary habits. Subsequently,
this achieved if the City Council passed a bill promoting the healthy meals at school, banning
the vending machines that provide high sugar/ high carbohydrates snacks and drinks, and
generating programs to aid low-income families to provide their children with the right
amount of fresh fruits and vegetables. The other goal is to create places where children can
engage in physical activity, like running, playing physical games, such as hide and seek, ride
bicycles. The community needs to create and preserve such spaces.
Beneficial to achieve both goals, the program needs the support of the community.
Social Media marketing is meant to achieve the goals because it can reach the community
and create awareness about the seriousness of the issue and support different programs.
Respectively, to help overweight and obese children and to prevent the early onset of nonhealthy dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle in children, while encouraging their parents to
seek medical help and counseling.
CHILDHOOD OBESITY: ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS
7
References
Advocating for the Prevention of Childhood Obesity: A Call to Action for Nursing. (n.d.).
Retrieved December 20, 2017, from
http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/Tabl
eofContents/Vol142009/No1Jan09/Prevention-of-Childhood-Obesity.html
Health Impact Assessments. (n.d.). Retrieved December 21, 2017, from

Health Impact Assessments


Saxe, J. S. (2011). Promoting Healthy Lifestyles and Decreasing Childhood Obesity: Increasing
Physician Effectiveness Through Advocacy. Annals of Family Medicine, 9(6), 546–548.
https://doi.org/10.1370/afm.1263
World Health Organization. (2010). Population-based approaches to CHILDHOOD OBESITY
PREVENTION.
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