anthropology questions

follow the docs attached for the power point doc there is 5 multiple choice questions. really easy.

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Vance’s Ted Talk:
America’s Forgotten
Working Class
Background on J.D. Vance
Born in Middletown Ohio in 1984
He is best known for his memoir Hillbilly
He attended Yale Law School
He was raised by his Grandparents
The book is about the Appalachian values of his
upbringing and their relation to the social problems
of his hometown
Vance’s Ted Talk
Vance identifies himself as a “cultural outsider”
Talks about his home in a southern Ohio steel town and the struggles that have impeded
? Heroin, domestic violence, family violence, divorce
Problems in family and town caused by lack of:
? Money, access to social capital and resources
Says upward mobility measures whether or not kids like Vance will have a chance to access a better life or if they will
stay in their circumstance
Upward mobility is geographically distributed
? Economic/structural, brain drain, failing schools
Responses to hopelessness
? Not going to work hard, not going to seek traditional markers of success
Lack of information in community about opportunities– Social Capital
? Financial aid at prestigious universities (like Yale)
? Don’t teach how to make good decisions and get out of hopelessness cycle
Low-income kids more likely to experience childhood trauma
? Child abuse, domestic violence, drugs and alcohol
¦ Multigenerational
Grandparents, Marine Corps, Ohio State, and Yale filled gap of social capital
Unless society starts asking “how,” problem will persist
? How to make other low-income kids as lucky as Vance
? Jobs matter
Being in a job matters not just for income, but for a
sense of purpose and identity. The neighborhoods
where most residents are poor but employed are
very different from those whose residents are poor
but jobless. There is huge variation in employment
rates by geographic area. Ensuring that all
households benefit from economic growth means
focusing on maintaining full employment, but it also
means investing in skills and human capital.
Rural communities cannot simply be
Rural counties with the highest rates of upward mobility
also tend to exhibit the highest rates of outmigration,
particularly among the young, aged 15-24. Vance states
that moving out might be, for many, a way to move up.
But it is unreasonable to expect people to move to
somewhere that might seem “like a different planet”.
There is a big difference, for example, between moving
from Eastern Kentucky to San Francisco and moving
from Eastern Kentucky to Middletown, Ohio. This
suggests that developing regional economies is important
so that individuals who want to move to opportunity can
do so without losing their social contacts and cultural
? Social connections and family
instability are critical for poor
Vance explains how family dysfunction is
handed down from generation to generation. It’s
more than just people mirroring their parents’
example. There are adverse developmental
effects, impairing kids’ later ability to negotiate
all aspects of living, particularly in maintaining
healthy interpersonal relationships. Violent
episodes in childhood trigger classic “fight or
flight” responses which, when repeated enough,
actually rewire one’s brain, making that stance a
default mode — a chronically stressed and
prickly mental state with, again, baleful effects
on one’s future human relationships.
Vance also explained how concentrated poverty also
means the absence of social connections that are
critical to employment, well-being, and civic
engagement. The importance of family life for
upward mobility was a recurrent theme. Vance
argued that cultural factors – including family
stability – are often neglected, with more emphasis
typically being placed on either structural factors or
on personal responsibility: Family instability and
family trauma are not simply the result of individual
failings or structural barriers, according to Vance.
Instead, they are cultural. As he points out, family
factors are hugely important for upward mobility.
Family structure, in particular, is strongly associated
with economic mobility. Low-income children raised
in two-parent families are more likely to get ahead
than those raised in single-parent families.
What do economist call the value we gain from our informal
social networks?
What are working class children much more likely to face?
A neurological problem
When talented people leave a community
When rich people join a community
A hereditary condition
What is at the very core of the American Dream?
More opportunities
Adverse childhood experiences
Wild animals
Trouble at school
What is ‘brain drain’?
Social Capital
Social Responsibility
Family and Friends
Upward mobility
What organization helped Vance?
The public school he attended
The Marine Corps
The legal system

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