Include each of the following within your article review:An introduction to the article
The key points from the article
A summary of the articles conclusion
An evaluation of the article including:
Why is this article important?
Should others read it?
Was the article well written (organized, easy to understand, etc.)?
What is your perspective and opinion on the article?
Your completed article review should follow APA style and be a minimum of two full pages in length (not including the title
and references pages).
Unformatted Attachment Preview
Interpreting and and using nonverbal communication, (The Psychological Edge)
Drug Topics. 133.10 (May 15, 1989): p74.
Copyright: COPYRIGHT 1989 Advanstar Communications, Inc.
INTERPRETING AND USING NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
No matter how carefully you choose your words when speaking with employees, word choice has
only a 7% impact in personto-person communication. Much more potent, according to Walter D. St.
John, president of the Management Communications Institute in Temple, Me., is facial expression.
The face projects 55% of the overall message, he says, and oral presentation has a 38% impact.
That’s reason enough to try to ensure that your nonverbal communication cues don’t undermine
your conversations with employees and associates.
Besides remaining cognizant of elementary facial cues-such as nodding and shaking the head,
remember that lowering the head, peering over glasses, or cocking the head to one side generally
indicates skepticism, St. John advised pharmacists. Anger, he said, is usually manifested most
intensely in the lower face, brows, and forehead, whereas generous eye contact generally indicates
a person who is friendly and open to communication.
Even when facial expressions are mastered for more effective communication, hands and feet can
betray unpleasant thoughts and emotions, St. John warned. Perceptive managers know that an
employee’s smiling face can be belied by a beating foot or frequent leg shifting-telltale signs of
anxiety or tension,
There’s also much to be deciphered from voice patterns. Loud, rapid, or high-pitched voices often
indicate anger. Boredom is expressed in a monotone.
Remember to account for regional differences and the overall context of a message when
transmitting or interpreting nonverbal cues, St. John advised. Simply seizing on one body cue to
make an overall judgment on a person’s inner thoughts would be ill advised. Those cues must be
brought together to form a composite analysis.
Allow leeway for regional colloquialisms. One kinesics expert (student of nonverbal communication)
St. John knows can often identify a Wisconsin native simply by the movement of the eyebrows.
Most pharmacists are interested in ways to communicate more positively with their employees, and
St. John has a few concrete suggestions toward that end:
* Furniture. Don’t arrange your office furniture as a barrier between you and the employee, and
don’t back a visitor up against the wall.
* Aesthetics. Remain aware of your office’s appearance, Pleasant surroundings encourage like
moods, and ugly surroundings can undermine good communication.
*Distance. Don’t exaggerate status difference by placing an inordinate physical distance between
you and your employee. Close proximity indicates warmth.
* Posture. Stay cognizant of overall posture. Closed postures-arms and legs crossed, leaning away
from a person-indicate dislike. Open positions, and forward leaning, convey the opposite.
*Animation. Use gestures, especially with relaxed, open palms, often. A lack of animation generally
Source Citation (MLA 8th Edition)
Dysart, Joe. “Interpreting and and using nonverbal communication, (The Psychological Edge).”
Drug Topics, 15 May 1989, p. 74. Criminal Justice Collection,
Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.
Gale Document Number: GALE|A7628499
Purchase answer to see full
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more