Cultural Geography Article Critique

For this assignment, you are going to critique an article you find on the web which relates to information Chapter 4 People and Nature. There is no length requirement for the article, but it should have enough information so that you can write a full one-page critique. The article should come from reputable news or scholarly source. See the checklist below, which contains the specific requirements this assignment will be graded on. It is required that your critique contains the following headings: Introduction, Summary, How It Relates, and Conclusion. For your critique, you are going use the headings listed above and answer the following questions under the headings: 1. Introduction: Provide an introduction/ description of the topic. The description should include the relationship between nature and people being addressed in the critique 2. Summary: Provide a summary of main points/arguments of the author 3. How It Relates: Discuss how the article relates to at least ONE concept found in the Chapter 4 reading. 4. Conclusion: Your own concluding thoughts on the article and the subject matter Your paper should be written in APA style and should be a minimum of one page in length (not including the title and reference pages). At least one article source (the article you are critiquing) is required. You may use the textbook and other sources as needed. Note: Wiki is not a scholarly source and is not an acceptable source for this assignment or any following assignments. Following is a list of topics that you may find interesting: Endangered animals/plants, biodiversity and extinction of plants/animals, nature programs, nature reserves, national park program, interaction between humans and nature, global warming, climate change, renewable energy, or oil drilling. Course Textbook Knox, P. L., & Marston, S. A. (2016). Human geography: Places and regions in global context (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.***Article Attached below***
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Alert: Nature on the verge of bankruptcy
Publication info: Business Mirror ; Makati City [Makati City]15 Oct 2017.
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ABSTRACT (ENGLISH)
Pressures on global land resources are now greater than ever, as a rapidly increasing population, coupled with
rising levels of consumption, is placing ever-larger demands on the world’s land-based natural capital, warns a new
United Nations report. More land degradation, more climate change Land degradation contributes to climate
change and increases the vulnerability of millions of people, especially the poor, women and children, the UNCCD
said, adding that current management practices in the land-use sector are responsible for about 25 percent of the
world’s greenhouses gases, while land degradation is both a cause and a result of poverty. From a regional
perspective, these scenarios predict that sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa will face
the greatest challenges due to a mix of factors, including high population growth, low per-capita GDP, limited
options for agricultural expansion, increased water stress, and high biodiversity losses.
FULL TEXT
Pressures on global land resources are now greater than ever, as a rapidly increasing population, coupled with
rising levels of consumption, is placing ever-larger demands on the world’s land-based natural capital, warns a new
United Nations report.
Consumption of the earth’s natural reserves has doubled in the last 30 years, with a third of the planet’s land now
severely degraded, adds the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertifications (UNCCD) new report, launched
last month in Ordos, China, during the Convention’s 13th summit.
‘Each year, we lose 15 billion trees and 24 billion tons of fertile soil,’ as said in the UNCCD report, The Global Land
Outlook (GLO), adding that a significant proportion of managed and natural ecosystems are degrading and at
further risk from climate change and biodiversity loss.
In basic terms, there is increasing competition between the demand for goods and services that benefit people,
like food, water and energy, and the need to protect other ecosystem services that regulate and support all life on
Earth, according to the new publication.
At the same time, terrestrial biodiversity underpins all of these services and underwrites the full enjoyment of a
wide range of human rights, such as the rights to a healthy life, nutritious food, clean water, and cultural identity,
adds the report. And a significant proportion of managed and natural ecosystems are degrading and at further risk
from climate change and biodiversity loss.
The report provided some key facts: from 1998 to 2013, approximately 20 percent of the Earth’s vegetated land
surface showed persistent declining trends in productivity, apparent in 20 percent of cropland, 16 percent of
forestland, 19 percent of grassland and 27 percent of rangeland. These trends are ‘especially alarming in the face
of the increased demand for land-intensive crops and livestock.’ More land degradation, more climate change Land
degradation contributes to climate change and increases the vulnerability of millions of people, especially the poor,
women and children, the UNCCD said, adding that current management practices in the land-use sector are
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responsible for about 25 percent of the world’s greenhouses gases, while land degradation is both a cause and a
result of poverty.
‘Over 1.3 billion people, mostly in the developing countries, are trapped on degrading agricultural land, exposed to
climate stress, and, therefore, excluded from wider infrastructure and economic development.’ Land degradation
also triggers competition for scarce resources, which can lead to migration and insecurity while exacerbating
access and income inequalities, the report warned.
‘Soil erosion, desertification, and water scarcity all contribute to societal stress and breakdown. In this regard, land
degradation can be considered a ‘threat amplifier’, especially when it slowly reduces people’s ability to use the land
for food production and water storage or undermines other vital ecosystem services. ‘ High temperature, water
scarcity Meanwhile, higher temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and increased water scarcity due to climate
change will alter the suitability of vast regions for food production and human habitation, according to the report.
‘The mass extinction of flora and fauna, including the loss of crop wild relatives and keystone species that hold
ecosystems together, further jeopardizes resilience and adaptive capacity, particularly for the rural poor who
depend most on the land for their basic needs and livelihoods.’ Our food system, the UNCCD warned, has put the
focus on short-term production and profit rather than long-term environmental sustainability.
Monocultures, genetically modified crops The modern agricultural system has resulted in huge increases in
productivity, holding off the risk of famine in many parts of the world but, at the same time, is based on
monocultures, genetically modified crops, and the intensive use of fertilizers and pesticides that undermine longterm sustainability, it added.
And here are some of the consequences: food production accounts for 70 percent of all freshwater withdrawals
and 80 percent of deforestation, while soil, the basis for global food security, is being contaminated, degraded and
eroded in many areas, resulting in long-term declines in productivity.
In parallel, small-scale farmers-the backbone of rural livelihoods and food production for millennia-are under
immense strain from land degradation, insecure tenure, and a globalized food system that favors concentrated,
large-scale and highly mechanized agribusiness.
This widening gulf between production and consumption, and ensuing levels of food loss/waste, further
accelerates the rate of land-use change, land degradation and deforestation, warned the UN Convention.
Global challenges Speaking at the launch of the report, UNCCD Executive Secretary Monique Barbut said, ‘Land
degradation and drought are global challenges and intimately linked to most, if not all, aspects of human security
and well-being-food security, employment and migration, in particular.’ ‘As the ready supply of healthy and
productive land dries up and the population grows, competition is intensifying, for land within countries and
globally. As the competition increases, there are winners and losers.’ No land, no civilization According to the
Convention, land is an essential building block of civilization, yet its contribution to our quality of life is perceived
and valued in starkly different and often incompatible ways. A minority has grown rich from the unsustainable use
and large-scale exploitation of land resources with related conflicts intensifying in many countries, the UNCCD
stated.
‘Our ability to manage trade-offs at a landscape scale will ultimately decide the future of land resources-soil, water
and biodiversity-and determine success or failure in delivering poverty reduction, food and water security, and
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climate-change mitigation and adaptation.’ A bit of history Except for some regions in Europe, human use of land
before the mid-1700s was insignificant when compared with contemporary changes in the Earth’s ecosystems, the
UNCCD noted, adding that the notion of a limitless, human-dominated world was embraced and reinforced by
scientific advances.
‘Populations abruptly gained access to what seemed to be an unlimited stock of natural capital, where land was
seen as a free gift of nature.’ The scenario analysis carried out for this Outlook examines a range of possible
futures and projects increasing tension between the need to increase food and energy production, and continuing
declines in biodiversity and ecosystem services.
From a regional perspective, these scenarios predict that sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, the Middle East and
North Africa will face the greatest challenges due to a mix of factors, including high population growth, low percapita GDP, limited options for agricultural expansion, increased water stress, and high biodiversity losses.
Solution These are the real facts. The big question is if this self-destructive trend can be reversed? The answer is
yes, or at least that losses could be minimized.
On this, Barbut said that the GLO report suggests, ‘It is in all our interests to step back and rethink how we are
managing the pressures and the competition.’ ‘The Outlook presents a vision for transforming the way in which we
use and manage land because we are all decision-makers and our choices can make a difference-even small steps
matter,’ she further added.
For his part, UN Development Programme Administrator Achim Steiner stated, ‘Over 250 million people are directly
affected by desertification, and about 1 billion people in over 100 countries are at risk.’ They include many of the
world’s poorest and most marginalized people, he said, adding that achieving land-degradation neutrality can
provide a healthy and productive life for all on Earth, including water and food security. The GLO shows that ‘each
of us can, in fact, make a difference’.
Can Mother Nature recover? The answer is a clear yes. Perhaps it would suffice that politicians pay more attention
to real human needs than promoting weapons deals-and that the big business helps replenish the world’s natural
capital.
DETAILS
Subject:
Food supply; Productivity; Food; Conventions; Consumption; Trends; Genetically
altered foods; Earth; Crops; Biological diversity; Land degradation; Ecosystems;
Climate change; Competition
Location:
China
Publication title:
Business Mirror; Makati City
Publication year:
2017
Publication date:
Oct 15, 2017
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Publisher:
AsiaNet Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd.
Place of publication:
Makati City
Country of publication:
Pakistan
Publication subject:
Business And Economics
ISSN:
19081189
Source type:
Newspapers
Language of publication:
English
Document type:
News
ProQuest document ID:
1951393291
Document URL:
https://search.proquest.com/docview/1951393291?accountid=33337
Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Business Mirror
Last updated:
2017-10-17
Database:
ABI/INFORM Collection
Database copyright ? 2017 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved.
Terms and Conditions
Contact ProQuest
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