Health Maintenance and Screening Plans

Health Maintenance and Screening PlansClinical preventive services, such as routine disease screening and scheduled immunizations, are key to reducing death and disability and improving the Nation’s health. Yet, despite the fact that these services are covered by Medicare, Medicaid, and many private insurance plans under the Affordable Care Act, millions of children, adolescents, and adults go without clinical preventive services that could protect them from developing a number of serious diseases or help them treat certain health conditions before they worsen.Discuss preventative services and ways to promote and overcome the barriers in your clinical practice to deliver holistic care including the recommended services for all patients across a lifespan. Please include examples, evidence-based information and references to support your work.REFERENCES SHOULD BE FROM 2014-2017. I HAD ATTACHED A MODEL OF THIS ASSIGMENT SO YOU CAN FOLLOW AND HAVE AN IDEA OF WHAT IS NEEDED. APA FORMAT.

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Health Maintenance and Screening Plans
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2017), the United
States is listed as the nation that spends heavily on health care across the globe; yet the costs of
health care remain high and the quality remains low. Nevertheless, regardless of this observation,
it is possible to enhance quality of health care services and at the same time reduce costs, through
promotion of preventive care. Preventive care includes services such as screenings, patient
counseling and check-ups, which are utilized with the intent of preventing illnesses, enhancing
early detection and adoption of effective treatment and promoting a healthy living among the
public. Preventive services that are recommended for all patients across a lifespan include
cholesterol check-ups, which relate with the rapid increase in the cases of overweight and obesity
among children, adolescents and adults across the country; chronic diseases such as diabetes,
respiratory diseases, and cancer among children and adults; cases of alcohol consumption and
arthritis among adults; oral and vision health for children and adults.
Kim, Strecher and Ryff (2014) implied that preventive care services include health
education; for instance, on matters of nutrition and diet in the case of cholesterol check-ups;
periodic medical exams, which include gender-specific exams such as Pap Smear, which is
carried out on women as part of screening for cervical cancer and it also helps in detection of
other infections that are align with the woman’s genitalia. Preventive care services also include
the provision of immunization against infectious diseases, especially when there is a community
outbreak; counseling is also provided as part of preventive care services on issues such as
smoking, alcohol consumption and even the inheritance of diseases that have a genetic origin.
The numerous benefits associated with preventive care call for the need to promote
adoption of preventive care, which should start from the health care facilities, where the health
care practitioners should advice their patients and families on the benefits of preventive care, and
the services that are provided on the same. However, Dixon and Hertelendy (2014) remarked that
effective and widespread appreciation of preventive care can be achieved following the removal
of barriers especially those that relate with costs. High costs of the said services discourage many
people especially those with low incomes from appreciating and utilizing these services. Dixon
and Hertelendy (2017) suggests shared costs in the case of preventive care, which was
introduced with the implementation of Affordable Care Act (ACA), but still very few people are
aware of it. The shared costs will ensure that there is a huge decline in the costs incurred in the
treatment of chronic diseases, because preventive care will provide the required guidelines for
healthy living and management of the disease.
Encouraging community-based organizations to train their communities on the benefits
associated with preventive care is the other strategy that can be utilized to promote and overcome
the barriers to preventive care. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2017) asserts that the
use of Community Task Force (CTF) is one way through which preventive care services are
made known to the public because the task force comprises of individuals from the community
who can educate, and inform their community members on preventive care services. The CTF is
most effective on enhancing preventive care services that relate with tobacco usage, overweight,
obesity and alcohol consumption. Parekh and Schreiber (2015) emphasized that community
based organizations are able to promote value driven health care for all members of the
community; the young and old alike. The reasons are that the community based organizations;
for instance, the Area Agencies on Aging (AAA) are able to partner with health care
organizations and providers, who in term help these organizations in managing chronic
conditions among members of their communities and at the same time evaluate the overlooked
health and social needs of these members of the community.
CDC, (2017). Preventive care: Everyone needs an ounce of prevention. Retrieved from
Dixon, R. B., & Hertelendy, A. J. (2014). Interrelation of preventive care benefits and shared
costs under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). International Journal of Health
Policy and Management, 3(3), 145.
Kim, E. S., Strecher, V. J., & Ryff, C. D. (2014). Purpose in life and use of preventive health
care services. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(46), 16331-16336.
Parekh, A. & Schreiber, R. (2015). How community-based organizations can support valuedriven health care. Retrieved from
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, (2017). Integrating evidence-based clinical and community
strategies to improve health. Retrieved from https://www.uspreventiveservicestask

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