Honey Bee Population and Pesticides

10 pages MLA format research paper on any topic. I already have a 5 page draft all I need it more pages added. You can add any sources you want. My paper is about the decline of honeybees and I relate it to the use of pesticides and climate change. I already have a bibliography and the research paper draft and prompt attached.
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Faghihi, Tina
Professor Ahrens
English 103
Honey Bee Population and Pesticides
Climate change is a change in global climate patterns and increase in carbon dioxide in
the atmosphere due to the use of fossil fuels. Climate change has affected the honeybee
population, causing a big decrease in the number of bees around the world. Millions of
honeybees have died over the years due to climate change changing the environment and not
being able to provide a place to live for the millions of honeybees around the world. The
honeybees’ diminution does not come off as a big problem, yet this will affect us agriculturally,
changing the way we live everyday. However many people argue the extinction of honeybees is
nowhere near. Yet the problem is not only climate change but pesticides as well. These
pesticides are killing these beloved honeybees everyday and everyday people are contributing to
kill these honeybees by not solving this problem of climate change. Honeybees are one of the
biggest contributors to our everyday lives, dying everyday to climate change.
Today climate change is one of the biggest problems around the world and it has a
negative impact on honeybees. Due to climate change, conditions have not been stable, resulting
in the environment has not been suitable enough for the bees, “, when the conditions become
unfavorable the entire colony simply migrates.” (Larson 69). Due to the climate not being able to
provide a stable environment for bees, the bees migrate as a “colony” or a big group of bees,
simply leaving the area that was not suitable enough for them. As a result of climate change
being a worldwide problem, there is no environment for bees to live. Regardless of these
situations, many people debate that these honeybees are continuously reproducing and that this
“bee apocalypse” is nowhere near. However, if the problem of climate change continues at this
rate, honeybees will continue to decrease vigorously and significantly. If no action is taken about
pesticides or climate change, this “bee apocalypse” will be sooner than expected. The problem of
climate change is becoming reprehensible everyday. Many solutions have been offered to
prevent honey bees from dying away, yet there are problems to these solutions. Banning
neonicotinoids, a class of insecticides, affecting and killing insects such as bees, has been put
into action in Europe. Although there are many solutions offered, many of these solutions could
not be put into place due to the lack of funds.
Since the beginning of the honeybees population decrease, there have been major
concerns. Over time, millions of bees are lost in the United States, “, more than a quarter of the
country’s 2.4 million bee colonies had been lost as of 2007.” (Miller Paragraph 3) This poses a
threat to the honeybee population as slowly and over time more and more honeybees disappear.
This is a substantial and dangerous decrease. If we continue to move at this rate and not fix the
problem of climate change, in a couple years the honeybee population will be almost
completely gone. These honeybees play a huge role in our lives by pollinating the crops we eat
everyday and if we progress like this, in a couple of years food will not be as plentiful as it is
today. This is not only a big problem in the United States, but it is also a problem in Europe
“colonies decreased both in Europe (-26.5%0 and North America (-49.5%).”(vanEngelsdorp
S81). This decrease in honeybees is not only a current problem in the United States, but is also a
big problem in Europe. The decrease of the honeybee population is much more significant in
the United States since no action has been taken about this problem. The end of these
honeybees is closer than ever before. Other than climate change, neonicotinoids are a big
problem, being one of the main causes of the honeybees death, “The chemicals are used on
more than 140 different crops as well as in home gardens, meaning endless chance of exposure
for any insect” (Walsh 2). This chemical is a big threat to our agricultural system as it is one of
the main reasons bees are stopped from pollinating crops, influencing the use of other chemical
on the crops that we eat. These chemicals affect the honeybees, killing them almost
immediately after attacking their nervous system and paralyzing them. Other than climate
change and pesticides, this chemical has been one of the main reasons the honeybee population
has decreased instantaneously. In spite of the effects of the climate changing on bees,
“Arguably, the more significant effect of weather on colony productivity, both positive and
negative, are indirect.”(vanEngelsdorp S90). The effect of climate change on the weather be it
negative or positive, were never intended to hurt the honeybees. Yet we can still prevent this
negative effect on the honeybees by fixing this problem of climate change.
One of the main reasons of the decrease of honeybees today is due to a common parasite
known as the “Varroa Mite”. The “Varroa mite” is one of the many reasons that has contributed
to the decrease in honeybees and many beekeepers are aware of the effect this pesticide leaves on
honey bees, “The parasitic mite, V. destructor (Anderson and Trueman, 2000; formerly known as
Varroa jacobsoni), is the most detrimental honeybee parasite in the world today.”
(vanEnglesdorp S84) This parasite is one of the main causes of the honeybees’ abatement,
resulting in many questions about how to get rid of this parasite before it kills the rest of the
honeybee population. Since the surfacing of this pesticide, the Varroa mite has killed billions of
bees, “The Varroa first surfaced in the U.S. in 1987—[…]—and it has killed billions of bees ever
since.” (Walsh 4). Since the pesticide initially began invading these honeybee colonies, billions
of honeybees have been lost and if no action regarding this pesticide is taken, millions of
honeybees will continue to disappear before our eyes. Many colonies that have not been treated
to kill this pesticide before it kills the honeybees have proven ?that they will die off as soon as the
pesticide infects these bees “is not treated to kill the pest, will likely die within one to three
years” (Moore 1). These pesticides kill the honeybees by feeding on the fluid of their circulatory
system, spreading diseases in the bee, and then resulting in a shorter life span. These pesticides
are a big problem, being the cause of CCD (Colony Collapse Disorder), the disappearance of
worker honeybees. CCD commonly leads to a breakdown of the honeybee colony. According to
Dr.Delaplane from the University of Georgia, College of Agricultural and Environmental
Sciences, “?The end result of unchecked mite populations is an eroding adult bee population and
eventual colony death.” Regardless of the pesticides negative effect on honeybees and the
attempts to get rid of these mites, these pesticides continue to wipe out the honeybee population
until there are no more honey bees left. If no action is taken, the end of honeybees will be
inevitable and, as of this moment, there is no major action being taken about the pesticides
diminishing the honeybee population. This deadly pesticide will continue to kill our honeybees
and the honeybee population will slowly shrivel away.
This subsidence in the honeybee population is a massive deal to us as well as the
honeybees. This shrinkage in the amount of honeybees will affect us in many ways, “Some
experts say the bee losses also pose a serious threat to both the nation’s and the world’s
agriculture industry” (Miller 1). Bees are intensely important to our agriculture system, being our
main pollinator of wild plants and also food crops. If the bees continue to disappear, the crops
that are pollinated by these bees will slowly start to shrivel away as well. Bees are one of our
main pollinators and as the numbers of honeybees are decreasing, the honeybees are not able to
keep up with our crop needs, “Although crops that require pollination have increased worldwide,
honey bee hive number has not kept up with the demand.” (Watanabe 5). This can result into the
obsolescence of the fruits and vegetables we eat everyday. Bees are the pollinators of foods such
as watermelon, strawberries, tomatoes, cabbage, onions, and the most valuable to the Golden
State, almonds. Almonds are one of the most valuable agricultural exports and according to
Bryan Walsh, “There were just barely enough viable honeybees in the U.S. to service this
spring’s vital almond pollination in California, putting a product worth nearly $4 billion at risk.”
(Walsh 1) This cutback will not only hurt the agricultural system that we rely on but it could
possibly hurt the economy, as it has already begun posing threats to our economy. If we do not
retreat to this conflict, there will be many problems for us economically and agriculturally.
Ultimately, Climate change has affected the honeybee population drastically. Climate
change has affected our environment as well as honeybees. Parasites have been a major issue,
surfacing concerns on how this will affect us. This decrease in the number of honeybee
populations will affect us agriculturally and economically. Hopefully, this conflict will soon be
settled by a solution for climate change, allowing honeybees to continue their role in nature.
Works Cited
Dennis vanEngelsdorp (vanEngelsdorp, Dennis), and Marina Doris Meixner (Meixner, Marina).
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. ?Germany: Elsevier, 2010. Print.
“?Preface to ‘What Plant and Animal Species Are Going Extinct?’.” ?Biodiversity?. Ed. Debra A.
Miller. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2008. Print.
Watanabe, Myrna E. “Pollinators at risk.” General Reference Center. Bioscience.April,
2015. Print.
Bryan Walsh. “The Plight of the Honeybee.” Colorado: Time, August 19,
2013. Print.
Peggy Pickering Larson (Larson, Peggy) and Mervin W. Larson (Larson,
Mervin). ?Lives of Social Insects. ?Ohio and Canada: The World Publishing Company, 1968. Print.
“Entomology: UGA Honey Bee Program: Bees, Beekeeping, and Pollination.” Honey Bee
Disorders: Honey Bee Parasites. N.p., 8 Mar. 2012. Web.

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