Ethicists, here is a guide to how to test Mill’s principles. You will be watching a movie next week, and will have an essay due after that. More information on this next week. i will also provide a paper copy of this document.How to test Utilitarian principles (Mill)REMEMBER: WE ARE USING JOHN STEWART MILLS UTILITARIAN PRINCIPLE OF THE GREATEST AMOUNT OF HAPPINESS (NOT PLEASURE, AS BENTHAM) FOR THE GREATEST NUMBER OF PEOPLEUtilitarianism holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness (Happiness: Pleasure and the absence of pain)QUALITY VS. QUANTITY OF HAPPINESSOf two pleasures, if there be one to which all, or almost all, who have experiences of both give a decided preference.The hedonic calculus for the action being consideredIntensityDurationCertainty or uncertaintyPropinquity (nearness) or remotenessFecundity: What are the chances of this action being followed by sensation of the same kind, i.e., pleasure begets pleasure, pain begets painPurity/Impurity: What are the chances of the action NOT being followed by sensations of the opposite, i.e., pleasure begets pain, pain begets pleasureConsider:The value of each pleasure (in the first instance)The value of each distinguishable pain (in the first instance)Value of each pleasure produced after the first instance (fecundity of the first pleasure and impurity of the first pain)Value of each pain produced after the first instance (fecundity of the first pain and impurity of the first pleasure)Sum up all the values of the pleasures (hedons) on one side, and the pain (dolors) on the othersee if the tendency is to pleasure or painSee how many persons there are whose interests will be concerned (do this for each person). Sum up the numbers to see the tendency for good or bad upon the whole group involved.Dont make snap decisions based on what we want at the time (immediate gratification)acting on impulse is an irrational action, and we will tend to end up unhappy. WHAT IS THE MORE RATIONAL DECISION? MAKE A QUALITATIVE DISTINCTION BETWEEN PLEASURESSELF-INTEREST IS NOT A CRITERION OF GOODNESS.ENGLISH IS MY SECOND LANGUAGE SO PLZ WRITE IT IN THIS STYLE .. PLZ MAKE THE ESSAY SIMPLE AS MUCH AS U CAN ,BS I AM GONNA WRITE IT IN THE CLASS Search entries or author
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