implement objectives of healthy people 2020

InstructionsUsing the information from the interview you conducted in Week 2, list in descending order the support needs of your participant. Also discuss how to implement objectives of Healthy People 2020 to increase wellness. Give examples of appropriate interventions of the professional caregiver, for example, the nurse.Submit your findings in a 4- to 5-page Microsoft Word document.Support your responses with examples.On a separate references page, cite all sources using APA format.Use this APA Citation Helper as a convenient reference for properly citing resources.This handout will provide you the details of formatting your essay using APA style.You may create your essay in this APA-formatted template.Submission DetailsName your document SU_NSG4055_W3_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.Submit your document to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned.

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Analysis of Type 2 Diabetes
Institutional Affiliation
1. Do you know the signs and symptoms of diabetes
Yes, some of the signs and symptoms of this illness include but not limited to weight loss,
increased hunger, blurred vision, fatigue, darkened skin and increased thirst.
2. Do you know the procedure and steps to take in case you witness signs of diabetes
Yes, once I experience one or more signs of the illness, I take my medications and immediately
contact the doctor for further instructions and recommendations.
3. Do you understand the procedures and steps that you are told by the medics to do in
order to manage the condition
Yes, the healthcare professionals recommended a range of coping skills I can adopt to
manage type 2 diabetes. Some of the coping skills include eating healthy and engaging in
regular exercises.
4. Do you understand the reason to abstain from certain foods substances
No, I don’t understand the relationship between food substances and type 2 diabetes.
5. In your opinion, do you think you are given any information by the health
practitioners? If yes, do you think it is helpful
Yes, the healthcare practitioners provide information regarding the illness and how to manage it.
They also give recommendations on how to eat healthy. All this information is helpful because
they enable me and my family to effectively address the illness.
6. Do you see any importance and relevance of taking the medicine and other
supplementary substances to manage your illness
Yes, medications prescribed by the healthcare professionals are important because they assist in
managing and treating the illness.
7. Do your caregivers explain to you the importance of observing all the rules as
prescribed by the medics
Yes, the caregivers give clear guidelines on the benefits of observing all the rules as prescribed
by the medics. According to the caregivers, following all the instructions as prescribed by the
medics is critical in managing and treating type 2 diabetes.
8. Do caregivers listen to your concerns and preferences and do they take action in
favor of your issues you raise.
Yes, they listen and take necessary measures in favor of the issues I raise. For instance, am not
comfortable with insulin injections and therefore the caregivers provide alternative treatments
am comfortable with.
9. How often do you exercise and how do you exercise
I rarely engage in exercise activities.
10. Do you smoke
Yes, I have been smoking even before I had type 2 diabetes.
11. Do you have a meal plan
No, I eat whatever is available.
12. How often do you take test
Very often
13. Do you strictly follow doctor’s rules and stipulation
Yes, I follow the medications prescribed.
The Person with the Illness
The person identified who has type 2 diabetes is one of my close family members.
Diabetes is an illness that causes the levels of blood glucose to increase significantly than the
normal increase. Typically, with type 2 diabetes, the body fails to properly utilize the insulin
hence insulin resistance. The name of the family member with type 2 diabetes is T.J, and he is 63
years old. Senior citizens of age 60 and above are susceptible to type 2 diabetes than other
individuals. Essentially, statistics show that approximately 15% of the total population with type
2 diabetes are 60 years and above.
Analysis of the Results
The Patient’s Perspectives
The questionnaires administered to TJ addressed all aspects of the illness. The primary
objective of administering the questionnaires was to determine whether or not the patient, as well
as his family members and friends, are conversant with the illness. The questionnaires contained
a list of 13 questions that entailed the most basic elements such as signs and symptoms of type 2
diabetes to complex elements such as the coping skills the patient is utilizing in regards to
addressing the illness. Based on the responses of the patient, it’s clear that he is aware of the
fundamental signs and symptoms of the illness. For instance, T.J stated that some of the signs
and symptoms of the illness range from weight loss, increased hunger, blurred vision, and fatigue
to darkened skin and increased thirst (Taylor, 2013).
T.J also understands the risks associated with type 2 diabetes and acknowledges the
importance of taking necessary precautions and medications to manage the illness. The patient
also takes seriously the prescriptions and recommendations given to him by healthcare
professionals. Furthermore, the patient is aware of the processes and steps to be taken once he
experiences signs of diabetes. From his response, T.J understands that in case he experiences one
or more signs of type 2 diabetes, he is to take some prescribed medications and immediately seek
medical attention. However, the patient does not understand why he has to abstain from taking
certain food substances. T.J is not conversant on how food substances are related to his medical
condition and in some, instances he even ignores the doctor’s advice of refraining from taking
some food.
Based on the responses from the questionnaires administered to the patient, it’s clear that
T.J understands some limited elements of type 2 diabetes. Moreover, he does not go an extra
mile to take care of himself as far as the illness is concerned. For instance, when asked whether
or not he smokes, he said that he regularly smokes because he doesn’t see any relationship
between smoking and type 2 diabetes. The patient also lacks a meal plan and rarely engages in
exercise activities. In a nutshell, from the responses, the patient has limited knowledge and
understanding of his illness. Such limitations restrict the patient from engaging in safe practices
and can negatively affect the patient’s health.
The Perspectives of Friends and Family Members
Similarly to the patient, the family members and friends of T.J also have limited
information regarding the illness. The family members and friends are aware of the most basic
signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes but do not know how to handle the patient especially
when he has one of the diabetic episodes. Additionally, due to knowledge limitation, they cannot
advise the patient on what to do as far as the illness is concerned (Chatterjee Khunti, Davies,
Coping Skills
The following are some of the coping skills that can be utilized to manage type 2 diabetes
Improve diet
One of the ways to effectively manage type 2 diabetes is to keep close tabs on a diet.
Some of the healthy diet that an individual with this type of diabetes can eat include but not
limited to whole grains, fresh vegetables and fruits, lean meats, beans, and low-fat dairy.
Consuming non-starch vegetables such as lettuce, carrots, and broccoli are essential in managing
the illness. A patient with type 2 diabetes should also consume limited fast and frozen foods.
Regular exercise
Engaging in regular exercise is critical when managing type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise
means losing some additional pounds hence improving the blood sugar levels. Health care
professionals advise patients with this type of illness to strive and lose weight in an attempt to
manage the illness.
Control sleep apnea
Many obese individuals with type 2 diabetes suffer from sleep apnea, a condition that
causes an individual to stop breathing while sleeping. Health experts argue that individuals with
this type of illness are susceptible to stroke and/or heart attack that can result in death. Typically,
sleep apnea can be controlled by losing weight, and in extreme cases, a patient can undergo
surgery (Vijan, 2010).
Other coping skills include but not limited to reducing stress, monitoring the blood
sugar levels, taking medications, and engaging in aerobics among others.
Treatment and Support Aspects of Type 2 Diabetes
In addition to engaging in regular exercise and eating healthy, type 2 diabetes can be
treated by using insulin therapy or diabetes medication. One of the treatments for this illness is
Metformin that works by refining the sensitivity of the tissues to insulin with the goal of enabling
the body to use the insulin effectively. Glucophage and Glumetza are examples of metformin.
Other medications include Sulfonylureas, Meglitinides, and Thiazolidinediones. Insulin therapy
is another treatment alternative and entails injecting insulin into the body using insulin injections
(Barnett, 2012).
The responses and analysis mentioned above significantly impact the care plan
development for type 2 diabetes. For instance, the coping skills for this illness enable individuals
to manage and control it. Such control and management assist patients in avoiding the adverse
effects of the illness. Moreover, the treatment and support aspects of type 2 diabetes impact care
plan development in the sense that patients with this condition can easily and effectively manage
the illness’ negative effects. By getting necessary treatment options for type 2 diabetes, patients
can recover from the illness (Etats-Unis, Centers for disease control and prevention (Etats-Unis),
& National center for health statistics (Etats-Unis), 2012).
Barnett, A. H. (2012). Type 2 diabetes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chatterjee, S., Khunti, K., & Davies, M. J. (2017). Type 2 diabetes. The Lancet.
Etats-Unis., Centers for disease control and prevention (Etats-Unis), & National center for health
statistics (Etats-Unis). (2012). Healthy people 2010: Final review. Washington
Government printing Office.
Taylor, R. (2013). Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes care, 36(4), 1047-1055.
Vijan, S. (2010). Type 2 diabetes. Annals of internal medicine, 152(5), ITC3-1.

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