texas government laws study guide

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What is civil law
What is criminal law
What are the various classifications of crimes in Texas
What are the burdens of proof in civil and criminal cases
What are the High Courts of Texas
What is a Grand Jury
What is required to obtain a verdict in Texas Civil Cases
What is required to obtain a verdict in Texas Criminal Cases
What happens when a verdict cannot be reached
What Governors made significant appointments regarding Texas Courts
What was the Miranda decision
What are the due process amendments and what rights do they confer
What is probable cause
When is an arrest proper
15. Which court cannot hear civil cases?
a. district
b. municipal
c. justice
d. county
16. The court of original jurisdiction for felonies in Texas is the
a. Supreme Court
b. Court of Criminal Appeals
c. Appeals Court
d. District Court
17. In a civil case,
a. the burden of proof is “beyond a reasonable doubt”
b. you will go to prison if you lose
c. two private individuals may be engaged in a lawsuit
d. none of the above
18. District court judges are
a. elected in single member districts
b. always appointed by the governor
c. stand for nonpartisan election
d. none of the above
19. State judges are selected by
a. the Supreme Court
b. retention elections
c. the governor alone
d. popular election
20. Trial de Novo means
a. no trial occurs
b. a new trial is held
c. the accused pleads guilty
d. a hung jury
21. City ordinance violations are punishable by a maximum fine of
a. $500
b. $2000
c. $1000
d. $5000
22. Justice courts hear which of the following
a. traffic cases
b. felonies
c. divorces
d. class “A” misdemeanors
23. The lowest level civil court is the
a. county court
b. appellate court
c. justice court
d. municipal court
24. Which court hears civil cases?
a. county court
b. district court
c. justice court
d. all of the above
25. The highest original jurisdiction court in Texas is the
a. district court
b. justice court
c. county court
d. court of appeals
26. The Texas Constitution provides that justices of the Supreme Court are to be
a. appointed by the governor for six-year terms
b. appointed by the attorney general
c. elected
d. selected by the Missouri Plan
27. The highest state civil court is the
a. Supreme Court
b. Court of Appeals
c. Court of Criminal Appeals
d. none of the above
28. Appellate jurisdiction means
a. an initial decision is reviewed here
b. a lawyer is hired for a poor person
c. a federal court intervenes
d. none of the above
29. Original jurisdiction means
a. a case cannot be heard again
b. the court where a case is heard first
c. the level of court where appeals are heard
d. none of the above
30. The crime with the harshest sentence is a
a. 1st degree felony
b. capital felony
c. misdemeanor
d. state jail felony
31. An individual cannot be tried on both criminal and civil charges arising out of the same
action because
a. this would be a violation of the prohibition against double jeopardy
b. an action cannot be a violation of both the criminal and civil statutes
c. once a case is tried as a criminal or civil matter, the courts will not accept the case again
d. none of these are correct; one can be tried in both criminal and civil cases arising from the
same action
32. A constable’s primary mission is to
a. enforce DWI laws
b. assist the justice of the peace
c. be highly visible
d. protect county judges
33. A county’s elected law enforcement officer is the
a. sheriff
b. judge
c. prosecutor
d. police chief
34. The U.S. Constitution’s 4th amendment
a. protects against self-incrimination
b. allows warrantless searches
c. prohibits unreasonable search and seizures
d. none of the above
35. Almost 80% of the state’s prisoners
a. are drug addicts
b. served in the legislature
c. were unemployed
d. did not finish high school
36. Grand juries
a. sentence criminals
b. decide if there is enough evidence to indict
c. determine guilt
d. negotiate plea bargains
37. Grand juries
a. are staffed with professional jurors
b. are not used in Texas
c. tend to side with the prosecutor
d. are often conducted in public
38. A death penalty case
a. can cost the state more than $2 million
b. is rarely controversial
c. is heard by the state Supreme Court
d. all of the above
39. The state law enforcement agency most visible to most Texans is the
a. sheriff
b. Texas Rangers
c. constable
d. highway patrol
40. Constables operate at the
a. county level
b. state level
c. municipal level
d. federal level
41. To be eligible for state civil service protection, a city must have a population of at least
a. 10,000
b. 5000
c. 100,000
d. 50,000
42. The Texas Commission on Law Enforcement
a. licenses peace officers in Texas
b. guarantees police officers due process in disciplinary hearings
c. interprets the rules of arrest, search, and seizure
d. all of the above
43. If a hung jury occurs the
a. accused is declared “not guilty” and may not be tried again
b. judge immediately sets a date for a new trial
c. prosecutor decides whether to try the case again
d. accused person cannot be tried again because of protections against double jeopardy
44. When several agencies pool their resources for mutual benefit, it is referred to as
a. privitazation
b. consolidation
c. community policing
d. civil service reform
45. In a criminal case the
a. state presents its case first
b. defense presents its case first
c. burden of proof is on the defendant
d. all of the above
46. Plea bargaining
a. allows convicts to go free
b. has become a necessity
c. extends prison times for convicts
d. none of the above
47. Criminal convictions in Texas must be by a jury’s
a. majority vote
b. 2/3rds vote
c. 3/4ths vote
d. unanimous vote
48. Evidence gathered in an illegal search is inadmissible because of the
a. exclusionary rule
b. Miranda decision
c. habeas corpus
d. probable cause doctrine
49. An arrest is proper where
a. suspicion exists
b. reasonable doubt occurs
c. probable cause has been established
d. bail is met
50. Most grand jury members are
a. white
b. prosecutors
c. convicts
d. minorities
51. The most serious of the following is a
a. class A misdemeanor
b. class B misdemeanor
c. class C misdemeanor
d. felony misdemeanor
52. Crime has dropped in recent years because
a. the population is aging
b. Texas has more prison capacity
c. violent offenders are kept in prison longer
d. all of the above
53. In number of executions per year, Texas ranks
a. first by an overwhelming margin
b. second
c. somewhere in the middle
d. last
54. When a grand jury believes there is enough evidence to go to trial, it delivers a(n)
a. indictment
b. no bill
c. conviction
d. pleading
55. The most serious of the following is a
a. 1st degree felony
b. 2nd degree felony
c. 3rd degree felony
d. state jail felony
56. The crime with the harshest sentence is a
a. 1st degree felony
b. capital felony
c. misdemeanor
d. state jail felony
57. An individual cannot be tried on both criminal and civil charges arising out of the same
action because
a. this would be a violation of the prohibition against double jeopardy
b. an action cannot be a violation of both the criminal and civil statutes
c. once a case is tried as a criminal or civil matter, the courts will not accept the case again
d. none of these are correct; one can be tried in both criminal and civil cases arising from the
same action
58. What have many studies shown about the death penalty
a. it is not a good deterrent
b. it is a good deterrent
c. it increases all crimes
d. it decreases all crimes
59. An example of a first degree felony would be
a. all felonies
b. armed robbery
c. shoplifting a flat screen TV
d. none of the above
60. If a hung jury occurs the
a. accused is declared “not guilty” and may not be tried again
b. judge immediately sets a date for a new trial
c. prosecutor decides whether to try the case again
d. accused person cannot be tried again because of protections against double jeopardy
61. Each time the Texas legislature meets in a regular session they must write a
a. one-year budget.
b. two-year budget.
c. certification that the budget is balanced.
d. five-year plan.
e. three-year budget.
62. The Highway Trust Fund is an example of a(an) _____ fund.
a. dedicated
b. mandated
c. implemented
d. non-profit
e. endowment
63. _____ the authority to transfer funds to meet emergencies between legislative sessions.
a. Only the governor has
b. Only the legislative leaders have
c. The legislature and the Comptroller together have
d. No state government official has
e. The governor and legislative leaders together have
64. Texas does not have _____ taxes.
a. sales
b. personal income
c. ad valorem
d. property
e. business income
65. In 2014-15, local property taxes paid for about _____ percent of public education costs.
a. 46
b. 56
c. 15
d. 30
e. 25
66. ____ % of Texas Public College students attend community or junior college districts.
a. 53
b. 43
c. 33
d. 23
e. 13
67. In 2003, _____ officials successfully lobbied the Texas legislature for a new law that gave
individual university governing boards the freedom to set tuition rates independent of legislative
action.
a. the University of Texas
b. Texas A&M University
c. Rice University
d. Texas Tech University
e. Alamo Community College District
68. in 2010 Congress passed the Affordable Care Act which has allowed coverage of
____________ previously uninsured persons.
a. 50 million
b. 5 million
c. 20 million
d. 1 million
e. 70 million
69. Among the states _______ has the highest percentage of unisured residents
a. Mississippi
b. Arkansas
c. Alabama
d. West Virginia
e. Texas
70. Texas turned down funds that would have covered ____ million persons on Medicaid and
Chip
a. 1.1
b. 2.1
c. 3.1
d. 4.1
e. 5.1
71. Texas turned down funds that would have covered and as many as another ___ million based
on individual mandate.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
1.3
2.3
3.3
4.3
5.3

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