Topic US was not found democratically

10-12pages MLA format, with foot notesplz take a look at the attached document for more necessary instructions.Thanks!!

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1. Topic: U.S wasn’t found democratically, by founded, the time period would be
around 1780s-1880s. ( You can mention what the government form is since arguing it is
not democracy, but don’t write it as republic, write it more in an oligarchy, meritocracy
or plutocracy way.
2. The paper should be 10-12 pages; MLA format, with foot notes.
3. Paper need a strong thesis statement.
4. This paper would count as 80% of my 3rd term, and I’m not in a rush, so please please
write it carefully.
5. The following are some of the notes and resources on this topic, hope they would
— Voting & Voting rights in U.S.
-Electoral college has the actual power to decide who to be the president over citizens. (if
have different results, go with electoral college.)
-“The Electoral College, gerrymandering, photo IDs and other voter suppression tactics are
just some of the practices that keep America from being a democracy. In Bush vs. Gore, the Supreme Court gave the election to Bush even though Gore received more than a half million more
popular votes. When the person receiving the most votes isn’t the winner of the election, then
that country is not a democracy.”
—A Democracy provides every legal citizen of a certain age with the free and equal right to participate in a system of government that elects representatives of the people by the majority of the
people, who promise to do the will of the people.
-Elite class get to choose
-“It’s not the people who vote that count, It’s the people who count the vote.” Even though
the voting counts is declared to be fair and transparent, there are still errors or ways to influence
or change the results.
-Especially in areas where paper ballots are still used, election officials manually read each
ballot and add up the number of votes in each race.
Since these ballots are filled out manually, the voter’s intention can sometimes be unclear.
In these cases, the election judge would either decides how the voter intended to vote or they declares that the ballot in question will not be counted.
-We vote but we don’t know how the vote is counted. People don’t see the progress; there
might be errors or even illegal deals happening during this progress. But they would believe that
the result was what the majority want, what they,themselves wanted since they have the right
and voted themselves.
-The enfranchisement and disenfranchisement of different groups, has been contested
throughout United States history.
—Only wealthy people would be able to actually run for elections. (to pay for advertisement and
other stuffs.)
– It is important to note, too, that neither the Constitution nor the Bill of Rights protected
voting rights. States were left to define eligibility for themselves; some used property clauses;
others, literacy qualifications and poll taxes; and still others employed religious tests. Subsequent
amendments to the Constitution defined categories of citizens who could not be barred from the
voting booth and outlawed the poll tax, but other qualifications, such as residency and identification requirements, were left up to the states.
—In the early history of the U.S., most states allowed only white male adult property owners
to vote. Freed slaves could only vote in four states. Women were largely prohibited from voting,
as were men without property.
—“Race, color, or previous condition of servitude” (15th Amendment, 1870)
—“On account of sex” (19th Amendment, 1920)
—“By reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax” for federal elections (24th
Amendment, 1964)
—“Who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote, shall not be denied or abridged by the
United States or by any state on account of age” (26th Amendment, 1971)
—There are varies ways to influence or manipulate people’s minds. Especially through
media, candidates could create false promise or beliefs to gain votes.
—3/5 compromise(1787) (proposed by delegates James Wilson and Roger Sherman.)—
slaves were viewed primarily as property-no free wills
—most founding fathers were slave holders
—Jefferson owned slaves. He did not believe that all were created equal. He was a racist,
incapable of rising above the thought of his time and place, and willing to profit from slave labor.
—The Vicious cycle (Wealth-power-legislation)
Wealthy people tend to be closer and the money only goes in the circle. Then those whoa are
at the top of the economic/ control the economic gets the power in the society. ( in government
and influence political decision) Even if someone did something illegal, they would cover for
each other or they simply share the benefits. (corporate crime)
—The democratic character of American government has been an ongoing debate since its inception. Democratic impulses played a role in the drive for independence, to be sure, and the
framers of our Constitution understood that the document would only be ratified if it reflected
many of these principles.
—Madison—power should be hold in the wealthy men’s hands cause they are more responsible.
(James Madison’s rationale for a large, extended republic, the foremost issue during the ratification debate, was that it would curb popular factions and “enlarge and refine” the general will.)
—Senate was not elected by the common people but from the wealth.
—Constitution Convention data : Madison: the major concern of the society has to be to protect
the minority of the opulent against the majority.
—“ so, therefore the constitutional system has to be set up to prevent democracy”
—Elections for federal office, in particular, doesn’t reflect the common good and too often produce results incompatible with our structure of government. Legal or behavioral changes will not
save the patient. It’s time to embrace other avenues of political engagement.
—Gap between rich and poor
—Liberty, life, pursuit of happiness—not for everyone
—Federalist Party
well-educated, wealth men led the country to prevent mobocracy
strong federal government
To all this, there is, in the nature of sovereign power, an impatience of control, that disposes
those who are invested with the exercise of it, to look with an evil eye upon all external attempts
to restrain or direct its operations.
“Government implies the power of making laws. It is essential to the idea of a law, that it be
attended with a sanction; or, in other words, a penalty or punishment for disobedience. If there be
no penalty annexed to disobedience, the resolutions or commands which pretend to be laws will,
in fact, amount to nothing more than advice or recommendation.
This penalty, whatever it may be, can only be inflicted in two ways: by the agency of the
courts and ministers of justice, or by military force; by the COERCION of the magistracy, or by
the COERCION of arms. The first kind can evidently apply only to men; the last kind must of
necessity, be employed against bodies politic, or communities, or States.
It is evident that there is no process of a court by which the observance of the laws can, in
the last resort, be enforced. Sentences may be denounced against them for violations of their
duty; but these sentences can only be carried into execution by the sword. In an association
where the general authority is confined to the collective bodies of the communities, that compose
it, every breach of the laws must involve a state of war; and military execution must become the
only instrument of civil obedience. Such a state of things can certainly not deserve the name of
government, nor would any prudent man choose to commit his happiness to it.
There was a time when we were told that breaches, by the States, of the regulations of the
federal authority were not to be expected; that a sense of common interest would preside over the
conduct of the the respective members, and would beget a full compliance with all the constitutional requisitions of the Union.
This language, at the present day, would appear as wild as a great part of what we now
hear from the same quarter will be thought, when we shall have received further lessons from
that best oracle of wisdom, experience. It at all times betrayed an ignorance of the true springs by
which human conduct is actuated, and belied the original inducements to the establishment of
civil power. Why has government been instituted at all? Because the passions of men will not
conform to the dictates of reason and justice, without constraint.
Has it been found that bodies of men act with more rectitude or greater disinterestedness
than individuals? The contrary of this has been inferred by all accurate observers of the conduct
of mankind; and the inference is founded upon obvious reasons.
Regard to reputation has a less active influence, when the infamy of a bad action is to be
divided among a number than when it is to fall singly upon one. A spirit of faction, which is apt
to mingle its poison in the deliberations of all bodies of men, will often hurry the persons of
whom they are composed into improprieties and excesses, for which they would blush in a private capacity”-(Federalist Papers)
It is a singular instance of the capriciousness of the human mind, that after all the admonitions we have had from experience on this head, there should still be found men who object to
the new Constitution, for deviating from a principle which has been found the bane of the old,
and which is in itself evidently incompatible with the idea of GOVERNMENT; a principle, in
short, which, if it is to be executed at all, must substitute the violent and sanguinary agency of
the sword to the mild influence of the magistracy.
Federalist papers
Alexander Hamilton; James Madison; John Jay
“All strong nationalists, the essayists argued that, most important, the proposed system
would preserve the Union, now in danger of breaking apart, and empower the federal government to act firmly and coherently in the national interest. Conflicting economic and political interests would be reconciled through a representative Congress, whose legislation would be subject to presidential veto and judicial review.”
Strong national government in order to keep satiability of the union.
Government could use violent ways when necessary.
Federal overpowers state
Most recently, Jeffrey Winters has posited a comparative theory of “Oligarchy,” in which
the wealthiest citizens—even in a “civil oligarchy” like the United States—dominate policy concerning crucial issues of wealth and income protection.”
“America appears to be headed in the direction of Plutocracy. This form of government believes a society should be ruled by its wealthiest members. The Supreme Court has allowed a
flood of money to buy our elections, rather than the will of the people. Income inequality is
growing, the middle class is disappearing, and Republicans continue to block raising the minimum wage for hard working Americans.
—Right to vote—the most fundamental right of citizenship(Bill Clinton)
—the heart and soul of our democracy(John McCain
—“Democracy” does not mean a system that holds public elections for government officials; it
means a system in which a majority vote rules everything and everyone, and in which the individual thus has no rights. In a democracy, observed James Madison in The Federalist Papers , —
“There is nothing to check the inducements to sacrifice the weaker party or an obnoxious individual. Hence it is that such democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention
[and] have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property.”
—Define Democracy
—The term “democracy” comes from two Greek words: “demos” (the people) and “”kratia”
(power or authority). So of course DEMOCRACY is a form of government that gives power to
the people.
Work Cited
1. The anti-federalist paper
2. Democracy In America
3. The Challenge Of Democracy
4. The Federalist Paper
5. The End Of American History
6. The Wealth of Nations
8. Requiem for the American Dream
9. Crash Course U.S. Government and Politics
11. Gilens, Martin; Page, Benjamin I. “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest
12. Average Citizens,” Perspectives on Politics, September 2014, Vol. 12, Issue 3, 564-581. doi:

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