Using a Sociological Approach

Attached is the instructions for the paper. First Article: Money, Not Access, Key to Resident FoodChoices in ‘Food Deserts’https://news.ncsu.edu/2017/03/moneyfood-deserts-2017/The second article: “The narrowing, but persistent, gender gap in pay”http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/03/ge…Or, the third article: “Bridging a Digital Divide That Leaves Schoolchildren Behind”https://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/23/technology/fcc-…
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ASSIGNMENT 3
USING A SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH
Due Week 10: 200 points
By now, you have practiced and should understand the
sociological research process. You also have a good handle on
how the major sociological theories explain social issues. Now, it’s
your turn to apply this knowledge. For your final assignment, you’ll
review a research article to identify the research conclusion. Then,
you’ll take another look at that conclusion from the perspective of
one of the major sociological theories.
Instructions: Complete all three parts of the assignment by
following the instructions below.
PART A: WHAT DID THE RESEARCHERS LEARN?
1) Article Review:
a) Prepare to complete your assignment by
reviewing the articles below. Select one for the
focus of your assignment.
•• Money, Not Access, Key to Resident Food
Choices in ‘Food Deserts’
https://news.ncsu.edu/2017/03/moneyfood-deserts-2017/
1
•• “The narrowing, but persistent, gender gap in
pay”
http://www.pewresearch.org/facttank/2017/04/03/gender-pay-gap-facts/
•• “Bridging a Digital Divide That Leaves
Schoolchildren Behind”
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/23/
technology/fcc-internet-access-school.html
b) Review your selected article several times to
familiarize yourself with the content before going
to the next step of this assignment.
2) Learn: Use the research information in the article to
answer the questions below. You should write at least
one paragraph for this step. Refer to Chapter 2 of your
webtext as necessary.
a) What were the key findings of the research?
b) What conclusion was drawn from the research?
PART B: WHAT WOULD THE THEORIES SAY?
Remember: The four major sociological theories are Functionalism, Conflict Theory, Symbolic Interactionism, and Rational Choice
Theory. For more information, review Sections 1.8 – 1.12 in your
webtext.
Use one of the four major sociological theories to explain the key
findings in the research article you reviewed in Part A. You should
write two paragraphs, one for each question.
a) How would this theory explain the key findings or
conclusion of the research in the article?
b) What limitations does this theory demonstrate
in addressing the problem examined in the
research article?
2
PART C: WHAT DO YOU THINK?
Use your article to help answer the questions below. You should
write two paragraphs, one for each question.
a) What would you suggest to address this
problem?
b) What additional research would you conduct
to help address the problem examined in the
research article?
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
•• Use Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch
margins on all sides.
•• Use section headers (Learn, Theory, and Solution) and
write left indented paragraphs under each corresponding section.
•• References are not required for this assignment as you
will use one of the assigned articles and your webtext.
•• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the
course title, and the date.
3
RUBRIC
Grading for this assignment will be based on the following rubric:
POINTS: 200
Criteria
1. Describe the
key findings of
the researchers
and the conclusion drawn from
the research.
Weight: 20%
2. Use a major
sociological theory to explain
the key findings
or conclusion,
and address any
limitations of
the theory.
Weight: 40%
ASSIGNMENT 3: USING A SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH
Unacceptable
Meets Minimum
Expectations
Fair
Proficient
Exemplary
Below 60% – F
60-69% – D
70-79% – C
80-89% – B
90-100% – A
Does not describe the key
findings and/or
conclusion and
does not provide supporting
details.
Inaccurately
describes key
findings or conclusion and supporting details
are sparse.
Partially describes key
findings and conclusion but some
of the supporting
details are missing.
Accurately
describes key
findings and
conclusion and
includes supporting details.
Accurately
describes key
findings and
conclusion and
includes supporting details.
Demonstrates
strong understanding by using
sociology terms
and providing
logical, accurate,
and concise information.
Does not use a
major sociological theory to
explain the key
findings or conclusion and does
not address theory limitations.
Inaccurately
uses a major
sociological
theory to explain
the key findings
or conclusion,
or inaccurately
addresses theory
limitations and
supporting details are sparse.
Partially uses
a major sociological theory
to explain the
key findings or
conclusion, or
partially addresses theory limitations, but some
of the supporting
details are missing.
Accurately uses
a major sociological theory
to explain the
key findings
or conclusion,
and addresses
theory limitations
with supporting
details.
Accurately uses
a major sociological theory
to explain the
key findings
or conclusion,
and addresses
theory limitations
with supporting
details. Demonstrates strong
understanding by
using sociology
terms and providing logical, accurate, and concise
information.
4
POINTS: 200
Criteria
3. Propose a
solution and
additional research ideas.
Weight: 30%
4. Write in a
skillful manner
using stated
formatting and
correct grammar and spelling.
Weight: 10%
ASSIGNMENT 3: USING A SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH
Unacceptable
Meets Minimum
Expectations
Fair
Proficient
Exemplary
Below 60% – F
60-69% – D
70-79% – C
80-89% – B
90-100% – A
Does not propose a solution
or does not provide additional
research ideas.
Proposes a solution that isn’t
fully aligned with
the key findings
of the research,
or the supporting details for
the additional
research ideas
are sparse.
Proposes a
solution that isn’t
fully aligned with
the key findings
of the research,
or the additional
research ideas
are missing
details.
Proposes a
solution that is
aligned with the
key findings of
the research, and
provides additional research
ideas that include supporting
details.
Proposes a
solution that is
aligned with the
key findings of
the research, and
provides additional research
ideas that include supporting
details. Demonstrates strong
understanding
by using sociology terms.
Writing does not
meet minimal
standards. Tone
is not appropriate. Wholly
lacking in logic,
clarity, and/or
stated formatting. Contains
many spelling
and/or grammatical errors.
Writing meets
minimal standards. Tone is
not appropriate. Lacking
one or more
of logic, clarity,
and/or stated
formatting. May
contain many
spelling and/
or grammatical
errors.
Writing is satisfactory. Appropriate and/or
consistent tone
is developing.
Shows moderate logic, clarity,
and/or stated
formatting.
May contain
more than a few
spelling and/
or grammatical
errors.
Writing is proficient. Tone is appropriate. Shows
logic, clarity,
and stated
formatting. May
contain few or
no spelling and/
or grammatical
errors.
Writing is excellent. Tone is
appropriate and
demonstrates
excellent word
choice. Shows
exceptional
logic, clarity, and
stated formatting. Contains no
spelling or grammatical errors.
5
The 4 major sociological theories
Functionalism: The view that social institutions are important for their
contributions to social stability. The functionalist perspective is very conservative
and skeptical of rapid social change.
Conflict Theory: The view that society is composed of groups with different
interests arising from their placement in the social structure. Conflict theory is
the opposite of functionalism. Conflict theory proposes that various parts of
society contribute to ongoing inequality, whereas functionalism proposes that
various parts of society contribute to its stability. Conflict theory is a progressive
perspective that is in favor of social change.
Symbolic Interactionism: This theory focuses on the meanings that people gain
from social interaction. This is a constructionist theory. The symbolic
interactionist theory proposes that people do not simply learn the roles that are
predetermined for them, but they construct these roles as they interact with
other people. According to this theory, social order occurs, because people learn
what symbols mean and apply these meanings to different kinds of situations.
Rational Choice Theory: This theory proposes that people interact in order to
maximize their benefits or advantages and minimize their disadvantages.
According to this theory, social order is possible, because people realize it will be
in their best interests to cooperate and to make compromises when necessary.
Assignment 3
Part B: What do the theories say?
1. Functionalism: The functionalist view would emphasize that the
government is one of the most powerful and important social institutions in
our society, and we need the government in order to maintain social order.
The government must monitor communications in order to protect us,
maintain social order, and stay on top of the rapid technological advances
in modern society.
2. Conflict Theory: Conflict theory would emphasize that the government’s
desire to maintain the status quo by monitoring our communication is in
direct conflict with people’s desire to evolve and embrace technology and
their right to free speech. The advent of technology has allowed
information and ideas to spread more quickly. This includes ideas that are
in favor of social change. The government monitors our communication in
order to maintain power and control over our lives and to prevent social
change. This borders on censorship, and violates the freedoms that we are
entitled to by the Constitution.
3. Symbolic Interactionism: The symbolic interactionism view would propose
that the government has had to evolve over the course of history as society
has evolved. It is for this reason that our Constitution is a living document
that can be amended according to the changing times. The main goal of a
government is to maintain a certain amount of order. In the past,
communication was slower and simpler. Now that we are in the age of
information, the government has had to learn to address new problems
that have accompanied the advent of technology. Monitoring our
communication is one way that the government has responded to this
change in society. The interaction between the government and the
citizens will determine how communication is handled in the future.
4. Rational Choice Theory: Rational choice theory would emphasize that in
order to maintain social order the government—as the main organizing
body in our society—must consider what is best everyone in the society as
a whole and try to maximize the benefits for all people while minimizing
the potential consequences. Technology has advanced at such a rapid pace
that the government has barely had time to respond and consider all
potential scenarios and their consequences. The government realizes that
it must compromise with its citizens in order to avoid rebellion. The
government must work to maintain social order, keep citizens safe, but still
protect the rights and freedoms to which all citizens are entitled.

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